Oral and Oropharyngeal Examination

Below is a summary of the steps conducted during an examination of the oral cavity and oropharynx

  • Use the tongue depressor to systematically examine the oral cavity

  • Start superiorly looking at hard & soft palate

  • Look at tonsils (colour, size shape, symmetry, presence of pus/ discharge)

  • Look at buccal spaces bilaterally

  • Ensure to look under the tongue & at the floor of mouth (an area pathology can be missed)

  • Palpation of the structures of the mouth is helpful in specific circumstances e.g. submandibular gland enlargement