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Week 208 - Ear Disease, Disorders of Balance, and Acute ENT Conditions



Overview of the week

Pre-course resources

Cases (directs to another page)

Self-assessment quizzes


Overview of the week


Welcome to the 2023 ENT Course. 

Naturally, we are delighted to offer ENT teaching to Year 2 again. This year things are slightly different because there will be Virtual teaching and some limited face-to-face contact, but we are confident that our sessions will work well in these environments. The sessions have been restructured to allow for better interaction and multiple points for self-assessment through the week. We will also be holding virtual tutorials.

Week 208 looks at a specific subset of ENT study - that of ear disease and ENT emergencies. You won't cover all of the important emergencies here as some are covered in years 3 and 4 when you are on placement with ENT.

We will be reviewing the topics listed below in this week of study:


  • Anatomy of the ear (also a pre-course anatomy session on the Friday prior)

  • Physiology of hearing

  • Conductive hearing loss

  • Sensorineural hearing loss

  • Vestibular physiology, vestibular nystagmus, vestibular neuritis and labyrinthitis

Tuesday (ICM):

  • Tuning fork testing

  • Otoscopy

  • Otoscopic findings - what you see when you look in an ear


  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

  • Ménière's disease

  • Otorrhoea (ear discharge)

  • Audiometry - an introduction to hearing tests

  • Vestibular history taking


  • Tinnitus

  • Otitis media and its complications

  • Tutorials to discuss the cases of the week


During the week you will have ten case histories to follow. That sounds like a lot but almost all of the questions asked on the case studies will be answered as we go through the week so that, during the end-of-the-week tutorials, you will have all of the resources needed to be able to discuss the cases easily. During the Wednesday session, we will get you as a cohort to vote on which 3 cases you want us to cover in detail.

Pre-course resources

All of the resources listed here have been created specifically for the ENT Course in Swansea University by the ENT Education Swansea team. They are specific to your course.


Video Resources

Here are links to the videos and PowerPoint shows. Please look through these before your sessions as this will help you understand the content of sessions and deepen your understanding of the topic.

  1. Anatomy of the ear introduction - downloads a PowerPoint show by Chris Summers

  2. Ear examination

  3. Tuning fork testing - downloads a PowerPoint show by Rhodri Costello

  4. Nose examination

  5. Oral and oropharyngeal examination

  6. Neck examination

  7. Ear anatomy videos by Sam Webster - subscribe to his YouTube account.

  8. Hearing loss overview - downloads powerpoint show by Simon Browning

  9. Audiology overview video by Alex Teasdale

  10. Overview of Balance - a powerpoint show by Simon Browning

  11. Hearing physiology - downloads a PowerPoint show by Rhodri Costello


Written Resources

  1. The website has pages on all of the topics covered in your course.

  2. Presentations will be posted for download as we move through the course, here.

  3. The cases that you will be following through the week are below.


Other Helpful Resources (Links to an external site.)

ABC of Ear, Nose and Throat (5th Ed). Ludman and Bradley. Blackwell Publishing.

Ear, Nose and Throat and Head and Neck Surgery, An Illustrated Colour Text. Dhillon and East. Churchill Livingston.

Quizzes for self-assessment

Each of the following links will take you to a short assessment of knowledge. The quizzes collect your responses so that we can identify areas that the class may need further teaching on. No personal data is collected, it's all anonymous.


Physiology of hearing

Conductive Hearing Loss

Sensory Hearing Loss

Vestibular Physiology 1

Vestibular Physiology 2 - Nystagmus



Tuning Forks


Ear Discharge

Ménière's Disease




Vestibular History Taking.


Otitis Media


Other Assessments:

A Case of Unilateral Deafness.

Head and Neck Disease:

Neck lumps, dysphonia, dysphagia, referred otalgia.

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